These two large Etruscan cemeteries reflect different types of burial practices from the 9th to the 1st century BC, and bear witness to the achievements of Etruscan culture. Wich over nine centuries developed the earliest urban civilization in the nothern Mediterranean.
Some of the tombs are monumental, cut in rock and topped by impressive tumuli (burial mounds). Many feature carvings on their walls, others have wall paintings of outstanding quality. The necropolis near Cerveteri, known as Banditaccia, contains thousands of tombs organized in a city-like plan, with streets, small squares and neighbourhoods.
This ancient etruscan site contains very different types of tombs: trenches cut in rock; tumuli; and some, also carved in rock, in the shape of huts or houses with a wealth of structural details. These provide the only surviving evidence of Etruscan residential architecture. The necropolis of Tarquinia, also known as Monterozzi, contains 6,000 graves cut in the rock. It is famous for its 200 painted tombs, the earliest of which date from the 7th century BC.
Among the most important tombs, the Tomb of the Measurement of the fourth century a. C. with stucco that represent moments, animals and objects of everyday use. It ‘a single room with dividers, niches, pillars and clearly defined areas for burials.
The Tomb of Capitelli, the sixth century. A. C. is fully excavated in tuff with access and two small rooms plus a central rectangular room that presents, on the bottom, three rooms.
The Tomb of Shields and Chairs sees its own six beds with pillows carved into the tufa which were used for the deposition of bodies of men, because women were placed in boxes to sarcophagus. There are also two chairs back with stools on which were raised two terracotta statues.
The Tomb of Five Chairs resumed type internal furniture with chair and stool, here they are, indeed, on which five were many statues. These statues had the function to welcome the deceased into the presenziando with them to a banquet.
The Tomb dell’Alcova consists of a single room quadrangular and dates back to the fourth century a. C.
Those areas are in easy reach from Rome and you can make it a day trip outside Rome.
Since it is conveniently located from the train stations a hotel in Rome such as Yes Hotel Rome is ideal !
Read related blog on etruscan in Italy
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